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The Language of Bali
Whenever there are trends or emphases for a greater democratization in public society, any vestiges of apparent feudalism must need give way to modern movements for democracy, equality and non discrimination - this also in areas where status or social - level in society has hitherto been much determined by the rather sensitive issue of the system of Castes - Traditional norms as a kind of "language - obeisance with relation to interclass relationships, are on the decline".
Traditionally, language rules in Bali had to be observed irrespective of age, position or set. Traditional "Rules of Caste" that had so long been considered an unflinching exigency are becoming less pronounced and less rigorous.
Albeit, in the face of moderm trends the determination of language usage especially as regards the choice of certain categories of words, is still much expoused and very much in vogue in Bali. However, significant adjustments have beed proposed at more recent Language - Seminars on the island and this, no doubt, will have its effects and repercussions in Balinese Society today.
Many seem enthusiastic in the promotion of a standard or common language for all (Basa Madia or Basa Mider); with an option in the selection of words from "a vocabulary of courtesy" - which in times past had beed limited perhaps to less than a thousand specific words.
Traditionally also, language - usage and divisions in Bali have been sufficiently intricate, and sometimes a bit arbitrary; however it has long been a custom to base the choice of ones words from the various categories on the social relation between the person speaking, with respect to the person being addressed or spoken of. And it is the latter that serves as a basic for the following "Language categories" :
Dictionaries and Grammars are still a rarity in Bali. Furthermore, Balinese is essentially "a spoken language"; though there are some written records, lontar documents and Balinese folkfore ("satuwa-satuwa"), which can serve as a valuable source for students engaged in language research. Hitherto, it is not easy to speak of any "set rules" as regards syntax or Balinese Grammar; and this obtains especially with the formation of certain words, e.g. the verbs.
Indeed, it has been said by a serious student of Balinese that "it is better not to speak or write about Balinese Grammar, because there aren't the fixed rules as may be peculiar to the western languages".
~~ to be continued (Balinese Grammar Digest)
just say: 'tiang uningin raus Bali akidik' or 'saya mengerti sedikit ucapan Bali' or 'i now little Balinese language'
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